There are several types of open heart surgery.
Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) Surgery
Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is an open-heart operation performed to redirect blood around a narrowed segment of a heart artery. During the procedure, a graft vein or artery is taken from a healthy blood vessel and surgically attached above and below the blocked artery. Blood will then flow through the graft vessel, bypassing the blocked vessel and allowing for adequate blood flow to the heart.
Off-pump CABG Surgery
Off-pump CABG, or beating heart bypass surgery, is another form of bypass surgery. Instead of stopping the heart with medications, surgeons stabilize just the portion of the heart where the bypass is needed while the remainder of the heart continues to function normally.
Heart Valve Surgery
Heart valve surgery is used to repair or replace diseased heart valves. Procedures may be open, during which the surgeon makes an incision down the center of the chest, or they may be done minimally invasively.
Types of Heart Valve Surgery
The two types of heart valve surgery are valve repair and valve replacement. During heart valve repair, the valve is mended to help it work better. The mitral valve is the most commonly repaired valve. During valve replacement, the diseased valve is removed and a new valve is sewn in.