Cardiac rehabilitation process generally follows three phases:
This process begins when the patient enters the hospital, and a cardiovascular condition has been identified.
Patients and their families are taught about cardiac disease, how to modify risk factors and how to return to a maximum level of functioning upon leaving the hospital. Phase I rehabilitation also includes telemetry-monitored exercise, nutrition counseling, stress management consultations and smoking awareness as needed.
Phase II rehab helps patients and their families adjust to heart disease and modify their lifestyle. The 12-week, 36-session program starts immediately after discharge from the hospital. It includes telemetry-monitored exercise, nutrition and stress management consultations, smoking awareness classes and CPR training.
This is a maintenance program that lets patients continue lifestyle modification through non-telemetry-monitored exercise and shorter versions of nutritional, stress management and smoking awareness counseling. It may also be used by individuals with a high risk of cardiovascular disease to prevent future problems.